Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia

Social media has been a very important part of our lives. Our whole life basically revolves around it. People of all age and gender use social media but some of them are deeply influenced by it. Most importantly teenagers, they try to modify their everyday life and try hard to be someone that they are not. Influencers and celebrities tend to show their most perfect part of their lives on media without knowing the impact it has on the viewers.

To be on a diet

Media alters the way people think and promote practices that are otherwise unhealthy or fatal. One of the most important issue that teenagers face now a days body image issues. Trying to be thin and petit encourages teenagers to indulge into practices that can lead to various eating disorders.

Eating disorder is any range of psychological characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits. Anorexia and bulimia are two of the most common eating disorders that people suffer from. These disorders can develop during any stage of life but typically appears during teen years or young adulthood. They commonly coexist with other conditions such as anxiety disorders, substance abuse or depression.


Anorexia Nervosa: Anorexia Nervosa is a serious mental illness where people are of low weight due to limiting their energy intake. It can have damaging health effects such as brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties and infertility. Anorexia can also be fatal.

Bulimia Nervosa: Bulimia is characterized by repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives. Bulimia can have injuring effects, such as gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration and heart difficulties.


There are many different causes that can lead to these disorders, such as:

  • Negative body image

   Sometimes people are bullied for the type of body they have and to overcome the hate they become the victim of these disorders.

  • Family and childhood traumas

  Sometimes family pressure may also be the reason for these disorders for some people.

young woman sitting at table between 2 nurses
  • Professions like modeling or ballet

  Professions like these force people to practice disrupt eating habits.        

It is vital to educate oneself about the signs and symptoms of these disorders so one can easily diagnose. Signs and symptoms of anorexia and bulimia are:

  • Chronic dieting despite being hazardously underweight
  • Constant weight fluctuations
  • Engaging in ritualistic eating patterns, like cutting food into tiny pieces or eating alone.

However, there are some treatments for these disorders like:

  • Medical care and monitoring

Addressing health issues that may have lead towards these disorders can be helpful

  • Nutrition

Having proper guidance for eating normally can also be helpful for some people.

  • Therapy

Talking about issues can also be relaxing for some people.


Eating disorders affect both male and female of any age. Mostly because everyone is easily influenced by what is shown on media and it alters their perspective and make them doubt their own self. It is essential for everyone to embrace who they are and learn to live for their own self and not for others. It is easy to get overwhelmed but with the proper guidance people can learn to overcome these disorders.

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