In our society, men are considered as strong and tough while women as a delicate and weak entity of society. In childhood, we taught our baby boys to stay strong and do not cry whatever happens and forced them to play with toys like cars, bikes, office bags, etc. while our baby girls play with dolls and houses. We set specific roles to the genders in the society and people have to work according to them and feminism is an idea which talked about all these issues.
The term Feminism defined as the idea which demands the equality of both the sexes i.e. male and female on all grounds either social, political, personal, or economical. It is basically a range of social movements, political movements and ideologies. It talked about the concept in which male is considered as a superior entity and women are treated unfairly due to gender stereotypes in society.
Some people think that feminism only focused on women rights and demand equal rights as men in society. But the reality is it talked about gender roles of both the sexes and questioned why men are considered as “Bread Winner” for the family and women have to take care of the children and house all alone.
Feminist movement simply called as the Feminism which is a series of political campaigns and reforms to talk about issues of
- reproductive rights
- domestic violence
- maternity leave
- equal pay
- women’s suffrage
- sexual harassment
- sexual violence
History of Feminism
The term Feminism was coined by a French philosopher, Charles Fourier in 1837. Feminism has different goals around the world due to variation in culture and history of feminism is divided into four waves.
- First Wave Feminism
In the nineteenth century, women have to right to vote and stand for parliamentary office. So, women of the US and UK realized this and started the Women’s Suffrage Movement to get their political right. It was started by the white women and they focused on the promotion of equal marriage, parenting, property and political rights.
- Second Wave Feminism
It began in the 1960s and extended into 1980s. It focused on the social and legal rights of women. It is also called as Women’s Liberation Movement and they gained equal access to education, public discussion about the rape and abuse of women, policies for sexual harassment at workplace and access to contraception and legalization of abortion.
- Third Wave Feminism
Third wave embraced individualism and diversity and began in the 1990s. It focused on micro-politics and explained that gender roles are due to the social conditioning not because of psychological and inherent physiological differences between the sexes.
- Fourth Wave Feminism
Fourth wave started around 2012 also called as modern feminism and associated with the use of social media. It focused on sexual harassment and any kind of violence against women and include many campaigns such as Women’s March, #Metoo movement etc.
Feminist theory is defined as the extension of feminism in theoretical and philosopher discourse and to understand the nature of gender inequality. It examines the men and women’s social roles, interests, and experiences in different fields such as sociology, philosophy, anthropology, etc. It explored many terms such as oppression, patriarchy, discrimination, etc.